Same… but different. The structure of beta – cristobalite.

What does it look like?

Crystallographic representation generated with Diamond.

Crystallographic representation generated with Diamond.

What is it?

Basically, the a-cristobalite is stable at temperature below 270°C then above this temperature, the atoms re-arrange to give rise to the b-cristobalite, the symmetry of the solid changing from tetragonal to cubic. And the silica family does not stop here; there are 11 crystalline polymorphs, plus 2 amorphous (non-crystalline) polymorphs. One of them is particularly interesting: is Keatite, which does not exist in the nature, a pure synthetic SiO2 polymorphs.

You can learn more at SiO2 polymorphs at http://www.quartzpage.de/gen_mod.html.

Where did the structure come from?

The structure comes from a paper of Wyckoff Ralph W.G. published in the german journal for Crystallography, namely “Zeitschrift für Kristallographie”, in 1925.

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